EU politicians are utilizing the Covid-19 pandemic as an excuse for protectionism in areas resembling vaccine manufacturing and face masks, based on one among Europe’s main industrialists.
Jacob Wallenberg, the Swedish enterprise chief whose household controls massive stakes in corporations from AstraZeneca and Ericsson to ABB and Nasdaq, informed the Monetary Occasions that vaccines had labored properly as they had been handled at “a really worldwide stage”, whereas most face masks got here from China.
To make use of this as “an excuse for reshoring goes too far”, he mentioned. “Once I take heed to politicians I hear concerning the idea of reshoring, the idea that Europe ought to do extra issues at dwelling. My concern is that you find yourself with extra protectionist tendencies.”
The European Fee and main politicians have argued that the EU ought to have “open strategic autonomy” in sure sectors and areas of commerce to make sure the area has unbiased provide chains.
Talking as head of the committee on commerce and market entry for the European Spherical Desk for Trade — a bunch of 60 main chief executives and chairpersons from throughout the continent — Wallenberg cautioned that this technique risked creating limitations to world provide chains, which had truly helped Europe navigate the pandemic.
“There was dialogue on beginning to produce vaccines in each nation, together with my very own,” mentioned the Swedish industrialist. “I believe the truth that vaccines had been handled at a really worldwide stage is the motive we acquired vaccines as quick as we did. There, the avoidance of autonomy has been essential.”
France’s choice early within the pandemic to grab tens of millions of face masks being shipped to the remainder of the EU by Mölnlycke, which is owned by the Wallenberg household’s holding firm, perturbed each the industrialist and the Swedish authorities.
In Could the European Fee unveiled an replace to its industrial technique, calling for motion to deal with vulnerabilities within the provide chain recognized throughout the pandemic. The fee recognized 137 merchandise in essentially the most delicate ecosystems — resembling uncooked supplies, batteries, pharmaceutical substances, hydrogen, semiconductors and cloud applied sciences — the place the EU was extremely depending on imports from third international locations, particularly on China.
In a report back to be printed on Monday, the European Spherical Desk warns that any intervention to spice up the resilience of European provide chains — even on essential items — “needs to be the exception, not the rule”.
It referred to as for extra openness in European provide chains, and for better engagement with trade on relations with China, regardless of rising tensions over the crackdown in Hong Kong and human rights abuses in Xinjiang.
Earlier this 12 months, the Wallenberg household’s pursuits had been caught up in a row over Sweden’s ban on Huawei’s entry to 5G networks.
Wallenberg, who had publicly criticised the Swedish ban on Huawei, mentioned the one manner ahead was to “discover widespread floor” with China. Because the world’s second-largest economic system, China was “an important companion of ours”, he mentioned. “The choice, to cease doing this . . . is a dramatic shift of the world.”
Nonetheless, he added that the EU wanted to be able to defend its corporations towards unfair practices. ” I believe it’s vital that the EU has a powerful posture and that it stands up for that,” he mentioned.
Wallenberg welcomed European initiatives to display screen international investments extra carefully.
“I believe it’s very applicable that we’ve instruments of that nature in place. I believe it’s a matter of constructing certain you can apply stage enjoying area rules,” he mentioned. “If we find yourself in a scenario the place this doesn’t work . . . in fact there should be penalties.”
The European Spherical Desk has referred to as on Brussels to type a devoted unit to handle the China relationship.
He confused that whereas the US remained a key strategic companion, Europe mustn’t “copy and paste” the extra aggressive stance taken by Washington with regard to relations with China. Europe needed to “stand by itself toes”, he mentioned.